Obesity is a complex disease involving an excessive amount of body fat. It is a rising epidemic affecting millions worldwide. Obesity isn’t just a cosmetic concern but is a medical problem that increases your risk of other disease and health problem such as:
Obesity may increase your risk of cancer of the uterus, cervix, breast, colon, liver and gallbladder cancer. Obesity can also affect your quality of life and lead to psychological problems such as depression and low self-esteem
What Causes Obesity
Although there are genetic, behavioral, metabolic and hormonal influences on body weight, obesity is gradually caused by consuming high amounts of energy particularly fat and sugars then burning off the energy through exercise and physical activity.
Some of the common contributing factors includes:
Medical problems such as hypothyroidism, insulin resistance PCOS and Cushing’s syndrome also contribute to obesity.
How does obesity affect fertility in women?
Insulin levels and obesity also lead to altered sex hormones and high androgen (male hormone)
Polycystic ovarian syndrome which is one of the most common cause of infertility is also associated with obesity and anovulation
Obesity and Pregnancy
If you are obese than lose weight before you get pregnant. Losing even a small amount of weight can improve your overall health and pave the way for a healthier pregnancy. Obesity increases the risk of the following problems during pregnancy:
High rate of abortion- It could be due to poor egg quality, defective implantation and altered level of hormones that help in sustaining the pregnancy
Birth defect – babies born to obese women have an increased risk of having birth defects, such as heart disease and neural tube
Problems with diagnostic test – having too much of body fat can make ultrasound examination difficult
Macrosomia – In this condition fetus is larger than normal, thus increasing the chances of operative delivery
Obesity is also a risk factor for preterm birth and stillbirth increases the incidence of serious health problems such as gestational, hypertension, preeclampsia or eclampsia, gestational diabetes mellitus and obstructive sleep apnea are associated with obesity despite the risks, you can have a healthy pregnancy if you are obese. All you need is careful management of weight, attention to diet and exercise, regular prenatal care to monitor for complications and special considerations for your labor and delivery.
Obesity and perimenopausal problems
The years leading up to a woman’s last period is called perimenopause. It usually begins when women are in their 40s to 50s and it can last anywhere from two to eight years. During this period there is also a tendency to gain weight, which can be due to drop in estrogen level and decrease in energy expenditure. Studies have shown that obese women experience more severe perimenopausal symptoms than normal.
Some of the signs of perimenopause include:
Following are steps that can help to reduce perimenopausal symptoms and enhance your general well-being:
Remember, there is no quick fix for obesity.
SSB HEART AND MULTISPECIALITY HOSPITAL provides you with the best of healthcare services, we have a team of best of obstetrician and gynaecologist, pediatrician, neonatologist,
yoga instructor and breastfeeding counselor.
Consult a gynaecologist by taking appointment +91 8375011234.
Note: We suggest you to stay home, keep social distancing, eating healthy, staying hydrating, and following the basic hygiene protocols.