Laparoscopy: What you Need to Know?

Operations are a frightening experience for anybody. The idea of someone cutting you up and sewing you back up is scary for a number of reasons. Hence people usually prefer a minimal to non-invasive measure to deal with any illness over an open procedure (refers to the traditional way of operating on a patient).

Given the advancement in medicine, it has become the need of the hour to educate people regarding the new minimally invasive surgical procedures so that they can make informed decisions.

What is laparoscopy?

Laparoscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure wherein a small incision will help the surgeon see the inside of the abdomen and pelvis. With the help of an instrument called the laparoscope which consists of a small tube and a camera, it helps the surgeon navigate their way inside a person’s body and do the required surgical procedure as error-free and minimally invasive as possible.

How is laparoscopy performed?

During a laparoscopy, the surgeon typically makes one or more small incisions in the abdomen. The number and size of these incisions depend on the type of procedure being performed. The surgeon then inserts a laparoscope, a long, thin tube with a camera attached to the end, through one of the incisions. The camera sends real-time images to a video monitor in the operating room, allowing the surgeon to view the surgical area in detail.

The surgeon may make additional incisions to insert small surgical tools, which are used to remove the diseased organ. The surgeon carefully navigates the laparoscope and surgical tools through the incisions to perform the necessary surgical procedures.

After the procedure is completed, the laparoscope and surgical tools are removed, and the incisions are closed with sutures or surgical tape.

Why is laparoscopy better than open or traditional surgery?

We are well aware of the consequences attached to open surgeries and laparoscopy is also a type of surgery, let’s find out why it is better than the traditional one:

  1. Less Trauma and Blood Loss: As laparoscopy uses small incisions to access the surgical site it generally causes less blood loss, less trauma, and provides a faster recovery with reduced pain. Traditional open surgery, on the other hand, requires a large incision that cuts through the abdominal muscle and wall, leading to more trauma and blood loss.
  1. Minimal Postoperative Pain: Laparoscopic surgery is associated with minimal postoperative pain, which is a significant benefit for patients. Since the incisions are small, there is less tissue damage, resulting in less pain and discomfort. This contrasts with traditional open surgery, which often involves a large incision and tissue damage, leading to more postoperative pain.
  1. Faster Recovery Time: Patients who undergo laparoscopic surgery typically experience a faster recovery time than those who undergo traditional open surgery. The smaller incisions used in laparoscopy result in less pain and discomfort and less healing time, allowing patients to return to their daily activities sooner. In contrast, traditional open surgery often requires a longer hospital stay and a longer recovery time.
  1. Lower Risk of Infection: The risk of infection is lower in laparoscopic surgery than in traditional open surgery. This is because the incisions used in laparoscopy are smaller, resulting in less tissue damage and a lower risk of infection as compared to traditional open surgery, which involves a larger incision.
  1. Better Patient Outcomes: Patients who undergo laparoscopic surgery generally experience better outcomes than those who undergo traditional open surgery. This is due to the less invasive nature of laparoscopy, which results in less trauma and a faster recovery time. Patients who undergo laparoscopic surgery also have a lower risk of complications, such as hernias and infections, which can occur with traditional open surgery.

When is laparoscopy performed? Are you a suitable candidate for it?

Laparoscopy is a versatile surgical technique, and it is commonly used to diagnose and treat conditions affecting the abdominal and pelvic areas, such as:

  1. Gynecological Conditions: Laparoscopy is frequently used in gynecology to diagnose and treat conditions such as endometriosis, ovarian cysts, and ectopic pregnancies. It can also be used for sterilization procedures such as tubal ligation. It is also used for hysterectomy- removing the uterus.
  1. Digestive Disorders: Laparoscopy can be used to diagnose and treat a wide range of digestive disorders, including gallbladder disease, appendicitis, and hernias. It can also be used to perform weight loss surgeries such as gastric bypass and gastric sleeve procedures.
  1. Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment: Laparoscopy can be used to diagnose and stage certain types of cancer, such as ovarian and uterine cancer. It can also be used to remove cancerous tissue, including lymph nodes.
  1. Other Conditions: Laparoscopy can also be used to diagnose and treat many other conditions, including hernias, kidney disorders, and pelvic inflammatory disease.

Overall, the best candidates for laparoscopic surgery are those who require surgery in the abdominal or pelvic regions and who have conditions that can be treated with this minimally invasive technique. Your surgeon can help determine if laparoscopic surgery is the right option for you.

If you experience any discomfort that hinders your day-to-day living, don’t delay consulting your doctor. Receiving the proper medical treatment and care is the only way to steer clear of any related medical complications. It may seem like a small issue but in reality, it may turn out to be a symptom of a serious illness.

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